2009 was lost to the country's energy sector .
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After all, the Government is now under pressure from the World Bank's planned finally proceed to the first stage of introduction in Ukraine of the competitive model energy market. However, after repeated transfers start of the reform project again lost for an indefinite period. Scheduled for September month the first auction for the sale of electricity by direct contracts between manufacturers and suppliers of power will not happen. "I think the auction will not be until September, but generally before the end of the year "- said the" i "source in the NAC "Energy Company of Ukraine." As previously reported, "i" The Cabinet was planning to end of June to submit to the draft amendments to the parliament to the law "On electric power," which should have allowed producers and electricity suppliers to enter into direct contracts with each other, bypassing the operating in Ukraine, the so-called single wholesale market. However, the document to the parliament has not acted, although the appearance of the walls of the officially registered bill on direct contracts left the energy sector Fat chance to conduct the first auction on current direct sales in September year. NERC after the adoption of this law was planning to put up for auction 10% of the total volume sold in a single wholesale electricity market annual worth about 58 billion UAH. According to experts, the work on finalizing the plan for reforming Ukrainian wholesale electricity market continues, but "quite dull", and do energy, "it seems that already do not believe in the success of this initiative. " "I also doubt that this year we will start implementation of the plan. Now, all interests are oriented on politics, not energy. Get useful fruits of the project implementation energy market reform is not immediately successful, but run into a large-scale criticism of the presidential election can be, "- said," i "the president Energy Association of Ukraine Vasyl Kolko. According to him, the pace promotion energoreformy could significantly push the case appointment at the government level official responsible for the project. "Months ago, we offered seven set project manager at, say, a member of NERC. Then, with this kind of agreed, and then forgot about the idea, "- said Mr. Kolko. While the project is frozen at the level of preparation of the necessary laws and regulations documents - no practical steps towards the establishment in Ukraine competitive European model of bilateral direct contracts between producers and suppliers of electricity this year has not been done and is likely to before the end of the year has already been done will not be. However, is not quite true to say that 2009 was for energy in terms of promotion of reforms simply lost. Things are much worse. This year, due to economic crisis, as well as freezing the rates for government kilowatt-hour, the energy industry of the country took a deep setback. Against the background of the projected 15% drop in production of electricity by the end of 2009, as well as reduction in export volumes, the volume of cross- subsidies to industry in the energy market of the population by the end of the year will 32%. The worst financial position in the industry has developed a thermal generation, that the government had only recently planned to sell. Thus, the freezing of tariffs negative thermal efficiency generation companies to the beginning of the summer has reached "-20"% - "-22 '%. During the eight crisis months Teplovik gained 1, 5 bln. debt only for loans generation companies attracted by state-owned enterprise in Oschadbank "Energy." The total loan portfolio Teplovik last year grew 3, 5 times, surpassing the mark of 3, 2 bln. As a result, the loss of heat generation companies will be 3, 6 billion UAH. and a cash deficit - 5, 8 billion UAH. In general, throughout the energy industry in 2009 returned Trends to increasing losses, the accumulation of creditors' debts, and to reduce investment and maintenance programs. And who would now neither won the presidential election, to reform the energy market in 2010 will be much harder than it has been possible in the 2009 First will have to start to pull out of the thermal generation of losses and debt trap, for what it is required to raise the price per kilowatt-hour for the population at least than tripled. Secondly, the unfolding of the reform process energy market, as well as the preparation of thermal generation companies for privatization, demand from the Government of simultaneous structural industry reforms that have been postponed for years. This is, first and foremost, the resolution problems of restructuring of energy companies billions of debt, the failure of the system single two-part tariff per kilowatt-hour for the industry, as well as Legislative approval of NERC's independent status. Third, opportunities for reform in the electricity and efficient privatization generation will have to decide what to do with the national post-socialist, planning and distribution, loss-making and corrupt the coal industry. Because the future is hardly a private owner Ukrainian power plants want to buy low-quality domestic coal for the proposed price. However, you can continue to do this is not done, neither in 2010 nor in 2011. However, in this case does not interfere with count, just in case What will the price of electricity in Ukraine in the coming years. Or predict when the country will begin rolling blackouts.
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