At this stage of development of engineering science in the construction of more and more often
plastic is used . Plastic is inexpensive, and its production process
is simple . That's why plastic has replaced metal and
areas such as water and sewage . In this article I will discuss
how to make installation and laying of sewer pipes made ​​of PVC. and also
give the characteristics of pipes and fittings (fittings ), intended for
sewerage .

Mounting sewage begin to prepare for the installation and calculation
necessary materials. * First of all, it is necessary to sketch the whole scheme
sanitation, noting the location of its passage and visually Having estimated that, where
and both will be located. What consumers will enter the water network
the sewerage system, which shaped parts for this need. Except
that should be calculated in advance the pipe flow. * Draw a diagram, you
see where there will be corners, couplings, crosses and "inputs" into the sewer
Consumer water network. This will give you information on the number and size
fittings, as well as footage of the tubes. * Starting with the work is
the last entry point into the sewer. That will go away on the slope,
as sewage Gravity, and waste water will go at an angle of
the highest to the lowest point. Would be correct to do so
in your sewer was always wet, then the solid particles will not adhere
to the walls and form a blockage. It's easy. For every two meters
sewer pipe, there should be two inches of the slope. How to figure that out?
Puts the pipe, install the top level of construction, then cannot
pipe to the desired strontium by about two centimeters. Level will show bias.
Raise a level that land, toward which there is bias and measure the distance
from the bottom of the level to the top of the pipe, if an inch, then all
in order - if not slightly lower a little, or raise a pipe. * Note
Another very important point. Just because the pipe or fittings to dock
parts are very difficult, since the sealing rubber bands give the resistance. For
In order to overcome it and it is easy to dock pipes, plaster gum
sanitary silicone or plain soap. Tires will be
slippery and easy to miss the plastic docking. * Collect the tubes should be
in order so that the bell was always looking up or the top of the sewer.
Classification of sewer pipes and fittings and PVC pipes * The most
common types of sewer pipes are 50
and 110. Pipe diameter of 50 is used for waste water disposal. A pipe 110
- For removal of fecal waste. * The joints are used to sewer connections
pipes in areas where there is no possibility of docking sockets. There are a diameter of
50 and 110 are connected to two sockets. * There are different tees
species: Tee 110/110/110 (angle 90 Вє), tee 110/110/50 (angle 90 Вє),
Tee 110/110/110 (angle 45 Вє), tee 110/110/50 (angle 45 Вє).
Tees at 90 Вє are used to drain or put into a sewer
right angle, and tee at 45 Вє is typically used to enter the sewerage
branches in the riser. * Taps (corners) also come in different diameters (50 and 110)
and different angles (90 Вє, 35 Вє, 45 Вє). Used
to change the direction of the branches at different angles. * Transitions are designed
for transitions or joining pipes of different diameters. There are 110 to
50 (a short, eccentric coaxial transition). * Plugs Used for close
bells of sewer pipes. An example of such an application could be a temporary
cap the tube, with the prospect of further entry of a new branch or the consumer.
Plugs come in different diameters of 50 and 110. * This is a special complex bends
type of fittings, rarely used, but sometimes indispensable. Complex bends can
have the form of removal of 90 Вє, with access to the site of bending the bell at 50 or
two sockets 50 on each side. Most complex taps are combined,
that is landlocked and 110, and 50. * Crossings also have outputs
50 and 110. Crossings are to dock at once the four branches or customers
they have three and one output socket end. Can be odnoploskostnymi,
When all four corners are the same plane or two-plane
(Such a cross section similar to the tube, with its member with the two sides
45 Вє sockets). * Audits Audit - is a special fitting, externally
similar to the tee, but instead of the bell with a screw cap. Revision
is to serve the sewage pouring solutions or input breakdown
rope to clean sewers. * Trapiki (traps), of course, refers to
not ship's gangway, and a special fitting which is installed in the shower,
lined with ceramic tiles and no acrylic or any other
pallet. In addition, with the help of ladders is removing waste water, the installation
drainage systems. They also installed in the premises where potentially hit
water on the floor - swimming pools, saunas, kitchens, foodservice
etc. There are some with access to 110 (direct) or 50 (90 Вє). *
Ventilation fittings Few people know that the sewage should be
ventilation device which prevents odor
on the premises. In order to ventilate the sewer is one of the risers (and better
all the risers) should go through the roof into the street and have
special fitting "air ventilation." This fitting is given by one large
or two small stain. The form is due to the need to prevent
into drains precipitation and various insects. * "Cuffs transitions"
In addition to PVC fittings and there are rubber seals that are essential for entry
Consumer water into the sewer network. This fitting is called a "cuff-transition."
* Sealing sleeve Either a bell and the sealing cuff.
Sealing cuffs are odnolepestkovymi (they have a rubber comb
to prevent leakage) and dvuhlepestkovymi (two scallops). * Clamps
Finally, there are special clips designed for mounting pipes
to hard surfaces in the horizontal and vertical planes. In this
article, I described the most often used when installing internal drainage
pipes and fittings. In addition to the pipes 50 and 110, there are pipes 32, 40
and 160. But they are used very rarely and have similar fittings.

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