They say that once the rainbow vanished , as always in the sky and scattered
apart, and where the fragments of the rainbow touched the ground , rose beautiful
flowers - iris . Or call them affectionately as our ancestors - that is, my dear ...
dear , beloved .

Another legend says that when the earth first bloomed iris,
they admired everything, and the gods, humans and birds and animals. When ripe it
seeds, the wind blew them to celebrate around the world, and flourished in different
places on the planet colored iris - yellow like the sun, violet, as far
silhouettes of the mountains, red, love, and blue, as blue lakes and sky glow.
Irises are known to people since time immemorial, so, on the island of Crete found
mural on the wall of the palace of Knossos, which at least 4,000 years.
On this mural depicts a priest, surrounded by blooming irises. In the Middle Ages
Irises grown in the gardens of castles and monasteries, and then they have appeared in
Gardens residents. In Germany, the iris is called the sword lily-of-behind the leaves, really
like swords. In Russia, they are sometimes called cockerels ... In the Christian world
they symbolize the suffering of the Virgin. In ancient Egypt, these lovely flowers
were a symbol of eloquence. In the genus Iris about 200 species of plants. Homeland
Iris is Southern Europe. In general, iris common in temperate
subtropical climate - in Eurasia, North America and Africa. Wild Iris
many Mediterranean countries, South-West and Central Asia. In Russia grows
about 80 species. Most of them - is crop plants grown
in gardens and parks. Wild irises grow in different places - in steppes, deserts,
in swamps, on the banks of ponds, in oak forests. Iris - Iris L. - Perennial
herb of the family of Iris. The name "Iris", "iridos" occurs
from the Greek word for "rainbow", and given to the family because of the rainbow of diversity and
beauty of flowers. According to legend, the name given flower Greek doctor
(Around the IV century BC. Oe.) Hippocrates. Species name - "psevdakorus" - that
in Greek means "false." Rhizome irises have thick, juicy,
creeping, pale-brown, in the context of a light pink. The rhizome is the iris
store food reserves. Stem juicy, straight from 30 to
150cm in height. Leaves flat, two-row, green, ensiform. Flowers
single or in bundles, large thick on long stalks of white, lilac,
lilac, purple and other colors. Iris blooms in May and June. Fruit - large
triangular elliptical or cylindrical, oblong box with a
brilliant large seeds. Seeds are spread in different ways.
Some wind shifts, while others - ants, attracted by an edible appendage
available on the seeds. Iris rhizomes have long been used in medicines
purposes. Their pharmacy name - orris. Essential oil of the root exudes
scent of violets. The rhizome contains: vitamin C, sugar, starch, essential oil,
iridin glycoside, saponins, flavonoids, mucilage, resin, tannins,
organic acids. Although the chemical composition of plants so far studied
not enough. - In ancient times it was observed that broth orris
resolves hardened, solid tumors, "pigs" and the baby acne. - In
iris rhizomes folk medicine used as a diaphoretic, expectorant
and a laxative. - Rinse soothes toothache. - Juice
iris rhizomes and herbal teas are used as an anesthetic in Qatar
stomach, intestinal cramps, headache, sore throat, bronchitis,
pneumonia, and swollen lymph nodes, and as a diuretic
of dropsy. - Insist. 2 tablespoons minced roots to fill a glass
boiled water at room temperature, leave overnight, drain. Take
2 Art. spoon 3 times a day for 30 minutes before eating. - In aromatherapy "orris
root "is used as a sedative. - Milled into flour roots
iris can be added to pastry, used as flavoring agents,
in small amounts included in the spices. In Armenia, the petals are boiled
jam. - The perfume of iris essential oil flavored creams, soaps,
eau de toilette. - Butter toffee is part of the tooth powder,
powder. - To ensure that the skin is smooth, silky and clear of acne
acne wash used a decoction of the rhizome. In addition, the washings
this broth fade freckles and smooth out wrinkles. 1 teaspoon
ground rhizomes pour 1 cup boiling water. Infuse for 30 minutes,
drain. Store in refrigerator for 2-3 days. - The same decoction is suitable for
douching in women's ailments. - Decoction of iris helps to eliminate
dandruff and dryness. 2 tbsp. tablespoons sugar and 1 liter of boiling water, pokipyatit 02.03
minutes, to insist 40 minutes, cool. - Juice of iris rubbed into the scalp
hair loss and to stimulate their growth and density. In the old days
girls with iris bewitch the guys. Plucking a flower, saying:
"Iris, my go to my home to live, and with us and my husband, servant of God
(Name) ". If successful, marriage, dried flower should be disposed of, stored
it should be for life in a secluded place.

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