In June , employers have applied to 90, 5000 Professional
State Employment Center believe that creates maximal conditions
to unemployed Ukrainians quickly able to find a decent job.
These services, in particular, and all-Ukrainian base of vacancies, and advice
inspectors, and refresher courses and retraining, as well as support
entrepreneurial initiative. That only applies to employment centers
quarter of all unemployed people of working age, defined by the methodology
International Labour Organization. "Bagnet" decided to find out why. Especially,
earlier that our portal have already written about what job-search assistance can
State to offer, and employment center does not have this issue unaddressed.
Offers below the average view the list of vacancies that have
in the network of public employment centers, we can not only in the centers,
but also to related resources. The number of reported vacancies by employers
in June of this year has declined, according to Goskomstat, 4, 7%, compared
with May and amounted to 90, 5000 proposal. Half of the proposed work
seats reserved for professionals working professionals, one third - for employees
and others - for those who have no profession. In general, the Nonprofit
As a rule, always make up the bulk of the proposals in the employment centers.
If you look at occupations, the most requests from a wide
simple jobs - cleaners, porters, janitors with the salaries of the minimum
wage of 960 hryvnia to 2-2, 8000. No less in demand are
"Managers and professionals." True, the proposals in this category, non-uniform.
For example, along with the message of the vacancy production director with the stated
wage levels in 29 000 40 hryvnia can be found and ad for a certain
"Team leader" at 961 hryvnia salary. In contrast to private services
recruitment agencies, to gosresurse almost always indicated the proposed size
wages. That is only slightly higher than it is often the minimum wage
and still far short of the average salary in Ukraine 2, 7000 hryvnia.
Blame the employer? On this account the State Employment Center
notes that the base is formed by Employment Service vacancies only on
Based on the information supplied by employers. And experts Centers
law does not have the authority to influence the employer regarding the increase
quality jobs: "In the framework of its competence Employment Service carries out regular
outreach to business leaders, and organizes for
Employers special seminars, calls on employers to social
responsibility ". As the lawyers law firm "Rybin and partners," Stanislav Lobko
and Vitaliy Savchuk, existing long-term vacancies are often left in the shadows.
Find them unemployed through employment centers is more difficult than in self-
search. The employer expects a significant reduction in load on the payroll
labor, without which it is hardly possible to achieve significant improvement in quality
jobs. These questions are just the responsibility of the Ministry sotspolitiki,
in the management of which is and Employment Center. True, the vision
Ministry on how the legalization of salaries is limited to only
administrative methods. As noted by the executive director of the All-Ukrainian
employers' association of light industry Izov Tatiana, and their production
Now, as the air, reduce the tax burden, "Manufacture
paying all taxes: gas, energy, raw materials are constantly becoming more expensive.
The result - in terms of wages, this sector can not compete with the
light industry as trade in goods that do not require long investment, and can be
quicker to profit: commodity bought and sold. At a seamstress for our businesses
average salary was 1, 6 thousand hryvnia for 2010. Although there are enterprises
where earn 3-4 thousand or even 5-6 thousand hryvnia. But young people are reluctant to
goes into production. Now the trend is that most of the directed
unemployed from the employment centers are asked to "Write to me, that I will not go up,"
- Said Tatiana Izov. Employee is guilty? According to her, in some regions
enterprises in light industry has developed fruitful cooperation with the centers
employment, but on the whole staff for the production of sorely lacking.
"Employment centers today do not provide employers with needed workers
personnel. By working professions today crisis in the country. We are prepared
mostly lawyers, accountants and economists. " Interestingly, half
unemployed registered with the Employment Center, are just representatives of the
job specialties. The problem is that people are interested to be
registered and receive assistance on unemployment, rather than accept
go to work for a salary that is less than their expectations. The number of registered
unemployed as of 1 July was 506 000 people, over 70% of whom are
unemployment assistance. Its size is on average for a single unemployed
838 hryvnia. That is, it's only slightly less than the minimum wage.
What is the meaning of work in those places where the proposed "minimum salary"? What
Employment Center is unemployed, with whom we have been able to talk in Kiev
employment centers, say even a deficiency. It is the absence of
In some cases, a preliminary analysis of the job centers
employment. As a result, the unemployed can get from your inspector
a lot of proposals, the lion's share of which does not meet its specialization.
In the worst case, the vacancy may do at odds with the essence of the work.
For example, under the guise of economists employers may actually be required
sales managers or promoters. But they do apply it to the economist,
and the inspector simply convey information. The State Employment Center
"Bagnetu" reported that in the case of selecting a suitable job, "Specialist Centre
Employment necessarily pre-associated with the employer by phone,
clarifies the existence of a vacancy, the demands on education, qualifications, experience
of applicants for the vacant position, provides information to the employer
for vocational qualifications as a candidate to work, coordinate
the date and time you access the enterprise. " Jobs for unemployed
as noted in the Employment Center, is a job that corresponds to the formation,
Profession (specialty) training and is available in the same locality,
home to people. In this case wages must meet the level
man who had on previous work based on an average wage,
which was formed in the respective industries. What a system - such
and employment According to the chairman of the Association of Private Employers of Kharkov
Alexander Chumak, the state does not currently cultivates confidence
citizens and as a result of the employment service becomes less as competitors,
and employers who have a real need for skilled
employees. "We normally develop private recruitment agencies,
which use advanced search techniques and training.
Existing employee candidate they output to a level at which it
necessarily fit the employer ", - said Alexander Chumak. It is understandable,
after all, private recruitment agencies have a specific motivation: jobs for
employee - to work, but is not employed - was left with nothing. In general, it is possible
as much as to say that the current system of government centers
Employment poorly suits the employer and even less - of the employee. But we can not
forget about the conditions in which it was formed. It is a condition
the highest in Europe per cent charge on payroll, that
forcing employers to look for opportunities to minimize taxes.
This high level of corruption, rigid regulation of business. All this, of course
just affects the labor market.