Floors can be made of different materials: wood particle boards
plates, rivets ( hardwood floors ). Still there are wooden floors . coincidence of time
These floors are starting to crack , creak or spring . Cracks between the floorboards
not only impairs the appearance of the floor, but also complicate its cleanup.
Creak usually occurs when a ridge of broken or grooved connections
sits precariously in the slots. Floors spring, if the lag is not enough "power" and
put in too far away from each other or the floorboards (sex
board), based on them, too thin. Repair floors with such a defect
confined mainly to the rallying of the floorboards and replace some damaged
boards. If the board is rotten or broken one of the ends, remove it with
chisel (do not remove the entire half) and replace the appropriate segment of the board.
Of course, inserted a piece should be based on at least two joists. Before
rallying, first remove the baseboards, floorboards and then released for
What ax consistently raise the board and pull the dog
protruding nails. Separate boards to be careful not to damage the comb.
Before laying the new or old boards cleaned thoroughly test
reliability of the installation log, the presence of soundproofing and leveling pads.
Rallying the floor begin with, the nail adjacent to the wall board
nails long, 2, 5 times its thickness, then pressed it to another
plank (with staples driven into the joists, and wedges) so that the gaps between
the floorboards were not more than 1 mm. Each board nailed, and hats
nails should be utaplivat 2-3 mm into the board. That they were easier
in plaque and less tearing the wood fibers, hats recommended to flatten.
Inserting in the space between the floorboards and the wall knit the last board,
strengthen it with nails. After that, nail baseboards, but not to the floor, and to
walls with nails in about 1 m apart. If you need a plinth
fixed to the stone walls, the walls of the first bolt hole punch
depth of 80-100 mm, which drives the wooden plugs, and by this
beat traffic jams plinth. Irregularities arising in the process of rallying
floor, remove planed (do not forget the nails!). Plane flooring
must not only along, but obliquely, and transversely, checking the purity of line
and straightness of the surface. The remaining small gaps sealed with
special fillers, commercially available. Sex with a large number
cracks can be repaired and rails. They are made of dry wood,
and the thickness of the strips should be slightly greater than the width of the gap. Their cuticles
carpentry or casein glue and drive the hammer into the gaps between the boards.
Once the glue dries, protruding strips of plane down plane.
For ventilation of the space under the floor in corners of the room in the floor set
lattice, which protect the floors and joists from rotting. Lattice on strengthening
10 mm above floor level, so that when they wash them in water or bleeding. Finished
repairing hardwood floors, you need to prepare their surfaces for flooring
Linoleum or color. Note that it is expedient to lay linoleum to
papering the walls of wallpaper or paint them a paint formulations. In modern buildings
with reinforced concrete slabs and floors are often covered with these modern
material, linoleum floors as hygienic, easy to clean. Available
There are many varieties of linoleum, and every year they become
More and more, improved properties of the material, variety of colors
color. All modern linoleum are usually divided into two types: unbonded
and key. First the cheapest, but also the most fragile: they are easily broken
bending. Basic durable linoleum, because, apart from synthetic facial
layer have a strong foundation, made of fabric or felt. Main
linoleum and are characterized by more excellent thermal and sound insulation qualities.
The stores are sold in rolls of linoleum. It is very convenient: knowing the width of the
roll, you can easily calculate, how many linear feet of linoleum needed
for your home. Bought linoleum should not have stains, rips,
scratches and shells. In accommodation, usually plank linoleum on the felt
or tissue basis, suitable for kitchens and groundless. To linoleum long
served, it only plank on a flat surface: no depressions and mounds.
Reason for linoleum should be level, firm, and, of course, dry.
And so long to prepare this ground, lay on the floor drsvesno-fiber
board - hardboard. Sale hardboard sheets with a thickness of 4 mm. Instead of
You can use the hardboard and cardboard packaging of furniture, of course,
uniform thickness. Walkways, hardboard on the floor, tend to have a
sequence. First floor cleaned with warm soapy water, give it to dry.
Then lay out canvas on the floor and is marked on the site. Fitted Sheets
glued to the floor with bitumen, heated to 180 В° C (at this temperature
bitumen shall be conditioned for 2-3 hours to evaporate out of it
moisture). Before laying linoleum need to putty the cracks between
sheets of hardboard and cleanse it from dust and dirt. For floor linoleum or can be
glue, nail or small nails (at least the last mounting method
durable, but allows, if needed can easily remove linoleum from the base).
Rolled linoleum cut into appropriate pieces, placed on a stack of flat
surface in a warm room and allowed to stand for 3-4 days so that the sheets lie down,
disposed of. When dry pieces of linoleum flooring tightly to each
to other nailed skirting the edge of fabric and secured with small nails
at a distance from the edge of the edge of 15-20 mm. For the labels on the linoleum base
use all kinds of pastes, whose composition is determined by the type of linoleum.
The most widespread cold bituminous mastic, which is used
for application on various grounds of linoleum on the basis of tissue,
as well as rubber tiles. The composition of the mastic in parts (by weight): bitumen
brand of BN-50, 50 - 75, 5; rosin - 3 petrol - 21, 5. Bitumen is heated to
temperatures 160-180 В° C, was added during the melting resin and stirred
of 10-15 minutes. When the mixture has cooled to 80 В° C, poured petrol into it and
again thoroughly mixed. Mastic (with temperatures around 55 В° C), drained
in hermetically sealed containers, where it can be stored for a long time.
Note that waterproof mastic. For gluing linoleum on tissue
based on wood or cardboard base paste is used for cooking
which will be needed in parts (by weight) of potato flour or another -
85, turpentine - 15. Flour diluted in a little water until
the batter and pour a thin stream into boiling water, mixing thoroughly
(Water must be taken three times by weight, than flour). Then added (too
mixing) turpentine. When the paste is cooked, it is applied to the floor, carefully
leveled and laid pre raskroennye sheets of linoleum. Then
roll sheets (Smooth), first hand, and then - with a bag of sand.
When packing the sand, place the bag on the mat to avoid scratching the linoleum.
Priglazhivanie lead from the center outwards. If you were formed under linoleum
"Bubbles", back cover is spread from the center outwards. Can
also pierce the linoleum in place of a "bubble" with a thin awl, squeeze out the air
prikatat this place and put it on consignment. To firmly glued linoleum
to the ground, it is recommended framework and the back of linoleum previously
primed (primer - a liquid paste) and dry 1-2 days. When
edge of the linoleum with defects, the most high-quality "docking" sheets are,
cutting off the edges at the same time on two canvases. For this purpose when laying linoleum
to leave the paste on the edges of the sheets are not sealed with a strip of width 1, 5-2
cm, the paintings have so they went edges at each other
10-20 mm. 2-3 days to kill the overlap of cloth, that is a knife
simultaneously cut by the line of the two layers of linoleum (linoleum if fit
directly on concrete, then under section enclose a piece of plywood or a board).
Then the seams with mastic promazyvayut and pressed edge to the bottom for 2-3 days
some goods, such as sandbags. Warm linoleum (with felt)
often plank directly on the concrete base. Sometimes the moisture that has accumulated
under the linoleum, felt rotten. Therefore, repairing the floor, always
check the foundations of the old cover and if you find any pockets of decay,
remove all the linoleum. Remove any dust and residue of felt overlap, flatten
irregularities. Then disinfect the base 4% aqueous solution of a mixture
fluoride and silicon fluoride, sodium (3:1), rubbing the solution with a brush
a concrete base. (These reagents can be purchased in stores, "Chemical
reagents. ") Producing and ready to use mastic for bonding linoleum:
"Bisky" KH-2 KH-3. They are easy to work safe. Mastic "Bisky" before
laying linoleum stand on the basis of half an hour (during which time the solvent
evaporates from the postmark), and the mastic adhesive and KH-2 KH-3 - 4-6 hours. Use
as mastic and glue "Bustilat." Wash linoleum water, adding a
a little detergent containing no sodium. Of soda and mopping the floors lose
shine and begin to fade. If you were formed on the linoleum stains, they are taken,
rubbing with turpentine or gruel of tooth powder. Thermal insulation linoleum
Clean only with a damp soft cloth, pre-clearing their vacuum cleaner.
If you can not buy "Bisky" in the store, you can cook it yourself. Mastic
"Bisky" consists of bitumen grade BN-4 (the most frequently encountered in everyday life)
turpentine, mineral spirits, rubber cement, and cement. All these components are not
scarce, and can be purchased at hardware stores. So, to prepare
10 kg of mastic required, in kilograms: Bitumen - 6, 5, White Spirit -
2, 2, turpentine - 0, 4; rubber glue - 0, 2; cement - 0, 7. First warm up
bitumen to 150 В° C, then in small amounts it adds cement, all the time
composition and mixed thoroughly. Dove mixture to cool to 80 В° C consistently dobavlyayutv
her remaining ingredients: mineral spirits, turpentine, rubber cement. Beautiful
appearance, durability, low heat and sound conductivity differs
sex, recruited from the parquet. Repairing hardwood floors is to replace the cracked
or broken rivets (parketin) new. First of all, remove the damaged
staves, which it will have to chisel or a chisel to split into several
parts and take out the middle first, then other parts. Then look
concrete foundation and zashpaklyuyte potholes, of course, if any, cement
solution with the addition of water glass (silicate glue office). K
When flooring laid directly on the board, potholes and cracks repaired pieces
fibreboard. To fix the staves used mastic, mainly
bitumen having a composition in grams: 850-900 bitumen, a fibrous filler
(Eg asbestos copta 1): 150 - 160. Filling heated to 110-120 В° C,
not add large chunks of molten bitumen with a temperature of 170-180 В° C
with continuous stirring until a homogeneous mixture. Mastic is used
hot. New, pre-fitted riveting, fit
to paste immediately after its application. If you replaced some rivets,
they are pressed together several hammer blows. When riveting
stacked on wooden base with no postmark, then to eliminate squeaks
under the flooring to be put cardboard or heavy paper. After
rallying every staves fastened with nails 40 mm in diameter
1, 6-1, 8 mm. Another nail hammered into front slot and two - in the longitudinal. Sticky
or hammered into a riveting pristrugivayut level with the existing, and the surface
tsiklyuyut floor, carefully clearing each section along the layers of wood flooring
through the cycle (a metal plate with sharpened edges, it is sold
in stores). Cycles in the home can be a piece of ordinary
window glass - though it can be used to remove a thin layer of wood.
To get rid of small cracks in the parquet floor, you should first clean
thin steel wire, and then fill with putty with a knife from
fine sawdust (oak or birch) and wood glue. Renovated
parquet rub paste or varnish. Prior to polishing the new riveting
several times to impregnate cement to level the color of old and new
parquet. Typically, finishing hardwood floor wax or use a synthetic
mastic ("Samoblesk", "Tuklar", "Wax", etc.), as well as lacquers ("Hairspray
Parquet, "PF-231, UR-19). Before coating of parquet lacquer and polished his tsiklyuyut
sandpaper. The latter operation is facilitated, if not to work with his hands and feet.
The pressure will be stronger, hence, it will go faster. To skin is not "slipping"
work in sneakers and, in addition, the reverse side of sandpaper brush
rubber cement. Even better for grinding to adjust electric floor-polisher, for
what to brush it with a clamp ring of metal strip fix
sandpaper on fabric. Cover the floor varnish is better not to brush
as recommended by the instructions, and a foam roller (not fluffy fur and
suit). Lac poured in portions onto the floor and begin to roll, achieving
an even layer. Coating quality obtained excellent. In addition, work
go faster, and easier.